response to student post 

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response to student post

response to student post
response to student post

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Information and communication systems are among the critical components of the Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSS). Such systems enable data sharing and interaction among groups. Lopez et al. (2016) posit that the systems also facilitate coordination and communication between the key stakeholders. The communication and information systems within the CDSS involve a data management layer. The data management layer of the CDSS has a clinical database for storing data and information regarding the illness, lab tests, findings, and diagnoses (Ohno-Machado, 2016). The data fed and stored in the clinical database guide the practitioners in defining the real issues to be confronted during a specific operational step. For illustration, the data stored in the clinical databases may be used in identifying the health issue to be addressed by a certain medication measure. Patient health information is integrated into the clinical database to guide the process of analyzing the patient’s valuable information that could help define the necessary intervention. This data is fetched from the electronic health record system.

Further, the communication and information databases, including instant messaging and net-meeting software such as chats, are involved in the CDSS system. According to Ahamed et al. (2016), internal teams such as the care practitioners use these systems to collaborate during internet-based meetings through which they can discuss the potential judgment and the applicability of the CDSS-based interventions. The knowledge-based framework is also used to integrate information and communication technologies into the CDSS (Ahamed et al., 2016). The data found within this framework is structured in an if-then rule format, which is incorporated to ease the judgment of the system (Fernandes et al., 2020). For illustration, a nurse may place a new order for a urine test, after which the knowledge base framework would make a duplicate of the judgment about the order if the same order was placed within the past day. The data incorporated in this process is fetched through computerized physician order entry (CPOE).

Moreover, communication and information technologies are integrated into the CDSS in the form of computerized reminders and alerts. The alerts remind practitioners of condition-specific orders, care guidelines, data reports, as well as summaries (Ahamed et al., 2016). In essence, these are the elements of documentation templates and diagnostic support. The information used in these elements is taken from the electronic health records system. Data analytics, including informaticists, are the key professionals who input this data into the EHRs systems and other information tools (Fernandes et al., 2020). By incorporating the above-discussed information and communication systems in the CDSS, informaticists and other stakeholders enhance nursing practices and care delivery by helping them make informed and sound decisions, avoiding patient safety issues, thus improving care quality.

 

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In the recent past, there has been the increased use of health information technology in the delivery of healthcare. This can be used during the various level of care to enhance prevention, health promotion, screening, and treatment of healthcare problems. Colorectal cancer remains to be the second leading cause of mortality among people aged 50 years and above. Screening continues to be a proven tool in reducing the burden of colorectal cancer in the United States (CDC, 2021).

Health information technology can be used to increase awareness of colorectal cancer and therefore enhance individuals to have healthier lifestyles and embrace the various treatment options being offered (Tarver & Menachemi, 2016). A health promotion program using social media can be an important strategy using social media. This intervention can increase patient education materials to inform and educate people about cancer screening and make them seek information, talk to the primary care provider, and make appointments and to get the screening services. In addition, social medical can be used to remind patients and clients of the need for screening. Individuals who can be targeted include individuals who are 50 years and above, those who are due or overdue for screening, or those who are required to make appointments with their primary care health providers.