PSYC1101 Foundations of Psychology Exam 2

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PSYC1101 Foundations of Psychology Exam 2

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Study Guide

Drugs

1. What are agonists? Antagonists?

2. How do SSRIs work?

3. What is tolerance? Withdrawal? Dependence?

4. What is alcohol use disorder? Be familiar with the criteria necessary for diagnosis.

5. What is the reward pathway? Name the brain areas that are part of this pathway. What is the major neurotransmitter in this pathway?

6. What happens to this pathway with repeated administration of an addictive drug?

7. Be able to link specific drugs (e.g., Xanax, meth, psilocybin, THC) with their larger drug class (e.g., depressants, stimulants, psychedelics, marijuana).

8. Be able to link specific drugs with the neurotransmitter(s) they affect (e.g., Xanax is an agonist of GABA; meth is an agonist of dopamine and ….; etc.).

9. According to the CDC, which two drugs cause the most deaths due to overdose in the US?

 

Brain

1. Sympathetic nervous system? Parasympathetic nervous system?

2. What is the neural tube?

3. The prenatal ‘hindbrain’ ultimately develops into which regions of the adult brain?

4. The prenatal ‘forebrain’ ultimately develops into which regions of the adult brain?

5. What is neurogenesis? What is synaptogenesis?

6. What are the functions of the pons and medulla?

7. What does the cerebellum do?

8. What is the limbic system?

9. What are the primary functions of the thalamus, hypothalamus, pituitary gland, hippocampus, amygdala, and the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC)?

10. What is the cerebral cortex?

11. Explain the distinction between primary and association cortex.

12. What general functions are associated with activity in the occipital, temporal, parietal, and frontal lobes, respectively?

13. What and where is the primary motor cortex?

14. What and where is the primary somatosensory cortex?

15. Explain the concept of ‘contralateral control’.

16. How does brain plasticity explain ‘phantom limb sensations’ that some amputees experience?

 

Sensation & Perception

1. What is the retina? Name the three layers of sensory neurons found there.

2. Rods? Cones? What types of visual information do they process and where are they located?

3. What is the optic chiasm?

4. What are ‘feature detectors’ and where are they found?

5. What brain region controls face perception and recognition?

6. What is prosopagnosia?

7. What is top-down processing?

8. What is inattentional blindness?

9. What is the cochlea?

10. What are hair cells?

11. How does our perception of flavor emerge?

12. What is synesthesia?

13. Name the two nociceptors? What types of pain signals do they transmit?

14. How is pain perception processed in the brain?

15. What happens in your brain when you see another person in physical pain?

16. How does the brain respond to social pain?

 

Learning

1. Who was Pavlov? John Watson? B.F. Skinner?

2. What is classical conditioning?

3. Define and give examples of the following: Unconditioned stimulus, unconditioned response, conditioned stimulus, conditioned response.

4. What is generalization? What is extinction?

5. Describe the Little Albert experiment.

6. What is systematic desensitization?

7. What is operant conditioning?

8. Describe and give examples of positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement.

9. Define and give examples of the following partial reinforcement schedules: fixed-ratio, variable-ratio, fixed-interval, and variable-interval.

10. How can operant conditioning lead to superstitious behaviors?

11. What is shaping?

12. What is punishment? Examples of positive punishment? Negative punishment?

13. How can parents effectively use operant conditioning to shape their child’s behavior?

14. What were the main conclusions from Bandura’s bobo doll study?

 

Memory

1. Describe the three-stage model of memory.

2. What types of information are likely to be automatically encoded into memory?

3. What types of information require effortful encoding?

4. What is working memory? What and its typical capacity?

5. Who was Hermann Ebbinghaus?

6. What is the retention curve?

7. What is the serial position effect?

8. What is the spacing effect? What is ‘massed practice’?

9. What are some effective ways to enhance memory encoding and retrieval?

10. Who is Daniel Tammet?

11. What is explicit memory (semantic vs. episodic)? Brain region that processes these memories?

12. What is implicit memory? Examples? Brain regions that process these memories?

13. Who was patient H.M.?

14. What is the misinformation effect? Describe Elizabeth Loftus’s study we discussed in class.

15. What are some factors that can affect the accuracy of eyewitness memory?

  Excellent Good Fair Poor
Main Posting 45 (45%) – 50 (50%)

Answers all parts of the discussion question(s) expectations with reflective critical analysis and synthesis of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.

 

Supported by at least three current, credible sources.

 

Written clearly and concisely with no grammatical or spelling errors and fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style.

40 (40%) – 44 (44%)

Responds to the discussion question(s) and is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.

 

At least 75% of post has exceptional depth and breadth.

 

Supported by at least three credible sources.

 

Written clearly and concisely with one or no grammatical or spelling errors and fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style.

35 (35%) – 39 (39%)

Responds to some of the discussion question(s).

 

One or two criteria are not addressed or are superficially addressed.

 

Is somewhat lacking reflection and critical analysis and synthesis.

 

Somewhat represents knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.

 

Post is cited with two credible sources.

 

Written somewhat concisely; may contain more than two spelling or grammatical errors.

 

Contains some APA formatting errors.

0 (0%) – 34 (34%)

Does not respond to the discussion question(s) adequately.

 

Lacks depth or superficially addresses criteria.

 

Lacks reflection and critical analysis and synthesis.

 

Does not represent knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.

 

Contains only one or no credible sources.

 

Not written clearly or concisely.

 

Contains more than two spelling or grammatical errors.

 

Does not adhere to current APA manual writing rules and style.

Main Post: Timeliness 10 (10%) – 10 (10%)

Posts main post by day 3.

0 (0%) – 0 (0%) 0 (0%) – 0 (0%) 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not post by day 3.

First Response 17 (17%) – 18 (18%)

Response exhibits synthesis, critical thinking, and application to practice settings.

 

Responds fully to questions posed by faculty.

 

Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by at least two scholarly sources.

 

Demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives.

 

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.

 

Responses to faculty questions are fully answered, if posed.

 

Response is effectively written in standard, edited English.

15 (15%) – 16 (16%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings.

 

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.

 

Responses to faculty questions are answered, if posed.

 

Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources.

 

Response is effectively written in standard, edited English.

13 (13%) – 14 (14%)

Response is on topic and may have some depth.

 

Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication.

 

Responses to faculty questions are somewhat answered, if posed.

 

Response may lack clear, concise opinions and ideas, and a few or no credible sources are cited.

0 (0%) – 12 (12%)

Response may not be on topic and lacks depth.

 

Responses posted in the discussion lack effective professional communication.

 

Responses to faculty questions are missing.

 

No credible sources are cited.

Second Response 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)

Response exhibits synthesis, critical thinking, and application to practice settings.

 

Responds fully to questions posed by faculty.

 

Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by at least two scholarly sources.

 

Demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives.

 

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.

 

Responses to faculty questions are fully answered, if posed.

 

Response is effectively written in standard, edited English.

14 (14%) – 15 (15%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings.

 

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.

 

Responses to faculty questions are answered, if posed.

 

Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources.

 

Response is effectively written in standard, edited English.

12 (12%) – 13 (13%)

Response is on topic and may have some depth.

 

Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication.

 

Responses to faculty questions are somewhat answered, if posed.

 

Response may lack clear, concise opinions and ideas, and a few or no credible sources are cited.

0 (0%) – 11 (11%)

Response may not be on topic and lacks depth.

 

Responses posted in the discussion lack effective professional communication.

 

Responses to faculty questions are missing.

 

No credible sources are cited.

Participation 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Meets requirements for participation by posting on three different days.

0 (0%) – 0 (0%) 0 (0%) – 0 (0%) 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirements for participation by posting on 3 different days.

Total Points: 100