PSYC 2001 University of South Florida how Does Religion Influence Culture Essay

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PSYC 2001 University of South Florida how Does Religion Influence Culture Essay


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I need help finishing a Cross-Cultural Psychology paper about how does religion influence culture. I also need it to be proof read on what i have so far. The professor mentioned:

Establish Topic – quick, concise (what is being studied). The first paragraph should start broad. State what the topic is in general. Maybe give a real-world example of the topic. Each paper will look different, even if you have the same topic. Lead up to what your specific area of focus in the last sentence of this paragraph.

Provide significance – research, practical, clinical (why it is generally important). The second step is to offer the first bit of persuasion to the reader: show the importance of the topic by offering something of practical or research significance. However, it is very important for the writer to understand that “significance” does not mean an opinion about why the topic is important. Rather, the significance comes from the research literature, too.

  • Review the relevant literature – what the expert literature reveals (what we know already). Following the first paragraph which introduces the topic and provides significance, the writer must now review the literature for the reader. The literature review (hereafter, “lit review,” the short phrase used by research writers everywhere) accomplishes many objectives at once. First, the lit review informs the reader of the most important research needed to understand the research question. Second, the lit review gives credibility to the writer as someone who knows what they are talking about. Third, the lit review is organized so that the research question is validated; in other words, the review leads the reader to a “gap” or “conflict” in the literature.

Discuss your findings – summarize your thesis in a narrative form. Finish with conclusion and directions for future research.

  • The next paragraphs should be summaries of articles on this topic. Try to keep each article to one paragraph maximum. Focus on the methods and results, and what the conclusions were. These paragraphs will look different for each article and each topic. You might write something along the lines of, “Researcher1 and Researcher2 (2016) studied this topic by randomly assigning participants to condition 1 and condition 2. They found that participants in condition 2 performed better on the dependent variable than participants in condition 1 (Researcher1 & Researcher2, 2016). The authors concluded that condition 2 is beneficial for the dependent variable because some conclusion (Researcher1 & Researcher2, 2016).” You might want to also focus on different applications of a treatment or activity. For example, Researchers 1 and 2 (2003) discussed the benefits of activity for improving thing. This is not as complicated as it sounds. You’ve got your supporting articles to help organize the literature you’ve read. You’ve got the research question. The task is to join the two pieces.  You’ll note as a reader that the lit review is where you see the most citations; you should also be able to see how well synthesized material is! Your goal is to make it as easy as possible for the reader to locate information. For this reason, do not “weave” different ideas together in the same paragraph. For complex topics, present each part separately, then write a paragraph that combines the ideas (honestly, this should make it easier to write — concepts maps are very useful for planning this section of the paper).

Point out the gap – what’s missing in the research literature (what we don’t know – motivation for your future research). The “gap” in the literature is a conflict or missing piece of information which you think it is important to focus on in future research. The gap explicitly identifies future research direction. It’s as though the writer is saying “See, Scientific Community, this is what we know but this is what we do not know.” The reader needs to be shown that this gap exists in order to believe that future research is needed. Providing the gap is part of the writer’s job.


How Much Does Religion Influence Culture Research Paper Tiffany Hanna 2 Religion Influence Literature Review As there are many religions around the world, too many to count, there is something about religion that identifies who we are. In Europe, the main religion is Catholic. In the Middle East, there is a majority of people who are Islamic, some Orthodox. To just have named a few religions and regions, this helps identify who we are and how this influences the culture that surrounds us. To investigate how religion influences our culture, we need to explore different findings to help establish what this means. “It is true that throughout history, or at least from the first to the mid-17th century, the thinkers who were most concerned about issues of existence were rooted in the religious wisdom traditions—not necessarily that their insights emanated from fundamental religious beliefs but that the religious institutions provided the sole arena which promoted and supported such intellectual activity” (Yalom, 2002). “We begin with religion, a category that scholars and policymakers once considered irrelevant to the study of International Relations because it was not believed to be important for the economic and security interests of modern states and their citizens. Yet, many scholars now hold that religion cannot be ignored. While the idea of culture has equally been underplayed in International Relations, its inclusion in analyses of world affairs predates that of religion and is considered less controversial” (Reese, 2017). Not only is religion recognized and cannot be ignored, it holds a major part in all of our lives, no matter what religion we are. We can even find it in our workplace, “Our relationship to work is an integral part of our self-concept, greatly affecting not only the quality of our lives in the workplace but also at home” (Fry, Geigle, 2014). “Many in the Religion Influence 3 field have perceived spirituality and religion in the workplace as providing the impetus, the necessary driving force, toward more meaningful work experiences (Gotsis & Kortezi, 2008). Moreover, they have expected Spirituality and Religion in the Workplace to contribute to a better, deeper, and more meaningful understanding of human work and organizational reality. To be more specific, the literature has generally treated Sirituality and Religions in the Workplace as the missing attribute of both organizational life and organizational effectiveness (Fry & Slocum, 2008; Giacalone & Jurkiewicz, 2003), in the absence of which an understanding of corporate reality remains limited and incomplete” (Fry, Geigle, 2014). So not only does religion impact our daily lives, such as being in the workplace; it also does have an impact in terms of medicine. According to Psychiatric News, a Muslim woman had difficulties finding a good doctor that she preferred. Meaning, she looked for a female doctor, that was also Arab, so that way not only can the doctor understand her issues, but she would not feel awkward or ashamed about it due to what her religion, in particular, requires of her. Some of these Middle Eastern families actually do not even go to the doctor due to the fact that it can interfere with their cultural belief, which can impact the ability to be healthy. “Middle Eastern women are reluctant to go to health care providers who do not speak their language or are not of Arab descent because they say there is a lack of sensitivity to their needs. “Arabic culture and practices within the Islamic religion make it awkward for us and difficult for an American doctor,” Hamoudi said” (Miline, 2005). According to Mental Health Attitudes Among Middle Eastern/North African Individuals in the United States journal, having different cultural backgrounds can Religion Influence 4 influence high-risk health problems. “However, traditional cultural and religious practices and beliefs socialized within the family environment may reduce the likelihood of seeking mental health services” (Mechammil, et, al., 2019). Due to some cultural beliefs and the environmental factors seeking a doctor is actually something that they do not do often because certain families think it is bad and to only focus on religious or spiritual healing. “Recent work has documented a wide range of important psychological differences across societies. Multiple explanations have been offered for why such differences exist, including historical philosophies, subsistence methods, social mobility, social class, climactic stresses, and religion” (Neuberg, et. al., 2018). Cultures are more psychologically different due to the social norms that get transmitted within each other’s culture. Our environment does dictate what we see fit to our own religion, we tend to follow what we think is expected of us. In some cases religion can impact what other individuals feel or believe, which in turn can also impact their daily living because it does not correspond wit htheir in particular culture. “One person’s religion is another person’s cult or silliness. The medical setting is one in which belief systems can collide. The physician is taught that in the domain of health and disease, life itself is the highest priority. But some religions place a higher priority on specific religious tenets and proscriptions. A psychiatrist is most often called into these collisions to address questions of competence, but there are other psycho-logical issues involved: the grief of the patient and family, the impact on dependents, and the emotional reactions and interactions of medical staff. Ethical conflicts can present as psychiatric consultations” (Stotland, N. L., 1999). Some individuals believe that it is a psychological illness for people to believe in certain things 5 Religion Influence because it goes against their “norm” or culture. There is a gap, in which there is still not enough information to really gather how religion can impact our society’s culture more specifically. There are findings that describe and give evidence to medical care and the workplace, but what evidence is there that can support religious views on those who are not religious? Discussion 6 Religion Influence References Rees, J. A. (2017, January 8). Religion and Culture. Retrieved from Fry, L. W., & Geigle, D. (2014). Retrieved from Stotland, N. L. (1999). When Religion Collides With Medicine. When Religion Collides With Medicine. Retrieved from Molly Mechammil, Sara Boghosian & Rick A. Cruz (2019) Mental health attitudes among Middle Eastern/North African individuals in the United States, Mental Health, Religion & Culture, 22:7, 724-737, DOI: 10.1080/13674676.2019.1644302 Neuberg, S. L., Varnum, M. E. W., & Kenrick, D. T. (2018). The Behavioral Ecology of Cultural Psychological Variation. The Behavioral Ecology of Cultural Psychological Variation, 125, 1–30. Retrieved from 46b1b82b-accf-4b4c-9540-0fea27106afa@sessionmgr4008 Milne, D. (2005). Culture, Religion Frame Care for Muslim Patients. Psychiatric News, 40(2), 13–58. doi: 10.1176/pn.40.2.00400013 Yalom, I. (2002). Religion and Psychiatry . Religion and Psychiatry , 56, 1–16. Retrieved from