Functional Anatomy of The Respiratory and Urogental Systems Portofolio

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Functional Anatomy of The Respiratory and Urogental Systems Portofolio

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VERTEBRATE POST-CRANIAL SKELETON In this portfolio, illustrate the post-cranial skeletal anatomy marked with an “*.” • Find pictures for structure listed it below (with red color) and then label the postcranial skeletal anatomy marked with an “*.” Structure Pisces (Shark for example) Trunk and caudal vertebrate Centrum Neural arch * Hemal arch Hemal spine Spinal cord Pectoral girdle and fins Scapulocoracoid bar Coracoid bar * Scapular cartilage Suprascapular cartilage Ceratotrichia Basal pterygiophores Propterygium * Mesopterygium Metapterygium Radial pterygiophores Pelvic girdle Puboischiadic bar* Metapterygium Radial pterygiophores Ceratotrichia * Clasper * 1 Amphibia (frog for example) Structure Vertebral regions Cervical vertebrae *Atlas Trunk vertebrae Ribs Neural arch Neural spine Centrum Diapophysis Parapophysis* Capitulum Tuberculum * Sacral vertebrae * Caudal vertebrae Pectoral girdle Coracoids Procoracoid Suprascapular cartilage Scapula Humerus Radius Ulna Carpals Metacarpals Phalanges Pelvic girdle and hindlimbs Acetabulum * Puboischiadic plate Ishium Pubis Ilium * Femur Tibia Fibula Tarsals Metatarsals Phalanges 2 Mammalia (Cat for Example) Structure Vertebral column Cervical vertebra Atlas* Transverse process Atlantal foramen * Vertebral canal Axis* Odontoid process/dens Spinous process Centrum * Transverse foramen Thoracic vertebra Centrum* Spinous process Prezyopophyses Postzygopophyses Lumbar vertebra Pleurapophysis Mammillary processes Accessory process Spinous process Sacral vertebra Fused pleurapophyses Dorsal foramen Prezygopophyses Postzygopophyses Caudal vertebra Hemal process Hemal arch Sternum * Stenebra Manubrium Coastal cartilage Xiphisternum Xiphoid process 3 Ribs Capitulum Tuberculum Pectoral girdle and forelimb Scapula* Metacromion Acromion process Scapular spine Humerus Head Supracondyloid foramen Trochea Capitiulum Radius Head Articular circumference Styloid process Ulna Olecranon Styloid process Manus Carpals Scapholunate Trapezoid Metacarpals Phalanges Pelvic girdle and hindlimb Os coxa* Acetabulum * (Function Only) Crest of ilium Ramus of pubis Femur Head Linae aspera Patella 4 Lower Limb Tibia Fibula Tarsals Calcaneus Talus Metatarsals Phalanges 5 THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM OF VERTEBRATES In this portfolio, illustrate the muscular anatomy marked with an “*.” • Find pictures for structure list it below (PISCES and AMHIBIA, MAMMALIA) then illustrate the muscular anatomy marked with “*.” Pisces TRUNK or AXIAL MUSCLES Myomeres Myosepta Linea alba Epaxial muscle Hypaxial muscle Horizontal septum* FIN MUSCLES Pectoral fin abductor * Pectoral fin adductor * Pelvic fin abductor * Pelvic fin adductor * Siphons * DORSAL FIN MUSCLE * BRANCHIMERIC MUSCLES Levator palatoquadrati* Spircularis * Adductor mandibulae* Preorbitalis * Intermandibularis * Levator hyomandibulae Levator hyoideus Interhyoideus * Cucullaris * HYPOBRACHIAL MUSCLES Coracomandibularis* Coracoarcuals * Coracohyoid * 1 Amphibia AXIAL MUSCLES Myomeres Myosepta Linea alba * Horizontal septum * Epaxial muscles Dorsalis trunci* Hypaxial muscles Rectus abdominis* External oblique * Internal oblique* Transverseus abdominis * DORSAL AND LATERAL MUSCLES OF THE HEAD Adductor mandibulae anterior * Adductor mandibulae externus * Depressor mandibulae * Branchiohyoideus * Cuccularis Dorsalis scapulae Latissimus dorsi VENTRAL MUSCLES OF THE THROAT Intermandibularis * Interhyoideus * Sphincter colli * Rectus cervicis* Procoracohumeralis DEEP MUSCLES of the THROAT and VISCERAL ARCHES Genioglossus Geniohyoideus * Branchiohyoideus * MEDIAL SHOULDER, VENTRAL PECTORAL and FORELIMB MUSCLES Levator scapulae * Thoracioscapularis Supracoracocoideus Pectoralis * Triceps brachii* Coracobrachialis Humeroantebrachialis Forlimb flexor * 2 PELVIC and HINDLIMB MUSCLES Puboishiofemoralis externus Puboischiotibialis * Puboischiofemoralis internus Pubotibialis Ischioflexorius * Caudofemoralis Caudocrualis * Mammalia SUPERFICIAL THORACIC MUSCLES Pectoantebranchialis Pectoralis major Pectoralis minor Xiphihumeralis ABDOMINAL MUSCLES External oblique Internal oblique Transverseus abdominis * SUPERFICIAL BACK MUSCLES Clavotrapezius Clavobranchialis Acromiotrapezius Spinotrapezius * Latissumus dorsi * Acromiodeltoid Spinodeltoid Levator scapulae ventralis DEEP THORACIC MUSCLES Serratus ventralis * Scalenes • Scalenus posterior • Scalenus medius • Scalenes anterior Transversus costarum Intercostalis externus Intercostalis internus Rectus abdominis LOWER BACK MUSCLES : LUMBAR and THORACIC 3 Mulfidus spinae Spinalis dorsi * Longissimus dorsi * Lumbodorsal fascia * MUSCLES OF THE NECK Digastric * Mylohyoid Sternohyoid HEAD MUSCLES Masseter * Anterior facial nerve Parotid duct Posterior facial nerve BRACHIUM (UPPER FORELIMB) MUSCLES Coracobranchialis Biceps branchii Triceps branchii * Subscapularis ANTEBRACHIUM (LOWER FORELIMB) MUSCLES Brachioradialis Extensor carpi ulnaris Supinator Abductor pollicis longus Brachialis MUSCLES OF THE THIGH Sartorius * Gracilis * Gluteus medius Gluteus maxiumus Caudofemoralis Tensor fascia latae Biceps femoris Semitendinosus Tenuissimus Ischiadic nerve Semimebranosus Adductor femoris MUSCLES OF THE SHANK Tibialis cralialis Extensor digitorum longus 4 Gastrocnemius * Soleus * Flexor hallucis longus Peroneus longus Extensor digitorum brevis Flexor digitorum brevis 5 FUNCTIONAL ANATOMY OF THE RESPIRATORY AND UROGENTAL SYSTEMS In this portfolio illustrate the anatomical structures listed below. • Find pictures for structure list it below (PISCES and AMHIBIA, MAMMALIA) then illustrate the structure marked with “*.” PISCES A. Respiratory System Gill Slit (Operculum) Parabranchial Chamber Gill Arch Gill Rays Primary Gill Filaments Afferent Branchial Artery B. Urinary System Kidney Accessory Urinary Duct Urinary Papilla C. Reproductive System Female Reproductive Parts: Ovary Uterus Cloaca Male Reproductive System Testis Urogenital Papilla AMPHIBIA A. Respiratory System External Gill Slits External Gills External Nares Glottis Trachea Lung B. Urinary System Kidney Suprarenal Glands Urinary Bladder C. Reproductive System Female: Ovaries Oviduct Male: Testes Cloacal Gland Cloacal Papillae MAMMALIA A. Respiratory System External Nares Epiglottis Thyroid Gland Trachea Primary Bronchi Secondary Bronchi Tertiary Bronchi Lobes of the Lung • R/L Anterior Lobe • R/L Medial Lobe • R/L Posterior Lobe Diaphragm B. Urinary System Kidney ▪ Renal Cortex ▪ Renal Medulla ▪ Renal Artery Ureter Urinary Bladder Rectum Urethra C. Reproductive System Female: Ovaries Ostium Tubae Mesometrium Uterine Horns Body of the Uterus Male: Penis • Vas Deferens • Testis • Spermatic Cord • Scrotum Epididymis Mesorchium VERTEBRATE CIRCULATORY SYSTEM In this portfolio, illustrate the anatomical structures marked with an asterisk (*) below. • Find pictures for structure list it below (PISCES and AMHIBIA, MAMMALIA) then illustrate the anatomical structures s marked with “*.” PISCES Heart External Ventral aorta * Conus arteriosus * Sinus venosus * Atrium Ventricle * Internal Myocardium of ventricle Branchial arteries 5 afferent branchial arteries * Efferent branchial arteries * External carotid artery Cross trunks * Internal carotid artery Subclavian artery * Dorsal aorta and its branches Dorsal aorta * Coeliac artery * Reproductive arteries Ovarian/testicular artery Abdominal arteries Hepatic artery * Gastric artery * Duodenal artery * Pyloric artery and vein Anterior intestinal artery Gastrosplenic artery * Pelvic arteries Femoral artery * Venous system Renal portal system Caudal vein * Renal portal vein Hepatic portal system Hepatic portal vein * Gastric vein * Pancreaticomesenteric vein Anterior intestinal vein Posterior intestinal vein * AMHIBIA A. Heart External Bulbous arteriosus* Right Atrium* Left Atrium Conus arteriosus Ventricle* External carotid artery* B. Arteries Afferent branchial arteries* Internal carotid artery* Dorsal aorta Efferent branchial arteries* Pulmonary artery* Brachial artery Gastric, Mesenteric, and Lower Arteries Gastric artery* Splenic artery* Mesenteric artery* Coeliacomesenteric artery Renal Artery* Testicular / Ovarian Artery Femoral artery C. Venous System Posterior vena cava* Common cardinal veins* Renal, Digestive, and Pulmonary Veins Renal portal vein* Posterior cardinal veins* Pulmonary vein Mesenteric vein* Hepatic portal vein* Ventral Abdominal Vein* Cloacal vein* Head and Forelimb External jugular veins* Brachial veins* Submaxillary vein MAMMALIA Heart Ventricles (left and right) * Coronary arteries Coronary veins Atria (left and right) * Postcava * Precava * Pulmonary arteries (left and right) * Aorta Dorsal aorta * Subclavian artery (left and right) * Common carotid arteries Right subclavian artery Neck External carotid artery External maxillary artery External jugular vein Lumbar region Internal spermatic artery Ovarian artery & vein Pyloric artery Splenic artery Coelicac artery Gastric artery Renal artery & vein Femoral artery Hepatic system Hepatic portal vein Coronary vein Gastrosplenic vein Splenic vein (posterior and anterior) FORM AND FUNCTION OF THE DIGESTIVE SYSTEM In this portfolio, illustrate the structures marked with “*.” • Find pictures for structure listed it below (with red color) then illustrate the structures marked with “*.” You can choose any animals related with Pisces PISCES A. Body cavities and mesenteries Parietal pericardium* Pleuroperitoneal cavity Pericardial cavity Greater omentum* Mesentery proper* Mesocolon* Falciform ligament Lesser omentum (gastrohepatoduodenal ligament) Ostium tubae (female) * Mesorchium (male) * B. Digestive system Oral Cavity Teeth Tongue Pharynx Internal Gill Slits Esophagus • Papillae of esophagus* Stomach • Greater curvature of the stomach • Rugae of stomach* Liver Pancreas Pyloric sphincter Duodenum Valvular Intestine • Spiral valve of valvular intestine* Spleen Rectum Rectal Gland Gallbladder 1 AMPHIBIA You can choose any animals related with AMPHIBIA A. Body cavities and mesenteries Pericardial cavity Pleuroperitoneal cavity* Falciform ligament Dorsal mesentery Mesogaster (greater omentum) Mesentery proper* Pulmonary ligament* Mesorchium * (male) Mesovarium* (female) Mesotubarium* (female) B. Digestive system Oral Cavity Glottis Tongue Pharynx Gill Slit Esophagus Stomach • Rugae of the stomach* Phyloric sphincter Small intestine • Plicae in small intestine Duodenum* Large intestine Liver Gallbladder Pancreas 2 Cloaca MAMMALIA You can choose any animals related with MAMMALIA A. Body cavities and mesenteries Thoracic mesenteries Pleural cavity Parietal pleura* Visceral pleura Mediastinal septum Pulmonary ligament* Diaghram Pericardial mesenteries Pericardial cavity* Round ligament Falciform ligament* Abdomenopelvic mesenteries Lesser omentum Gastrohepatic ligament* Greater omentum Gastrosplenic ligament* Duodenocolic fold* Mesocolon Median vesical ligament (urinary bladder) B. Digestive system Oral cavity (Dorso-ventral cut of the head only) Hard palate Rugae 3 Incisive duct Epiglottis* Papillae of the tongue • • • • Filiform papillae* Fungiform papillae* Foliate papillae* Vallate papillae* Esophagus Cardiac sphincter Stomach • • Greater curvature of the stomach Gastric rugae* Pylorus (Pyloric Sphincter) Intestine • • • • • Duodenum Jejunum* Ileum* Cecum* Colon Rectum Accessory digestive organs Liver Gallbladder Spleen Pancreas 4