Abia Polytechnic University Vertebrate Anatomy Worksheet

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Abia Polytechnic University Vertebrate Anatomy Worksheet

Nursing homework help

1. Discuss how the vertebrate skeletal and muscular systems are coupled in the evolution of form and function in vertebrates. (15 Points)

2. Discuss how the skeletal system is used to establish the monophyly of the Tetrapoda (That is, the Amphibia, Reptilia, Aves, and Mammalia are a monophyletic group of vertebrates.). (15 Points)

3. Discuss the major transformations in either the skeletal or muscular systems of the vertebrates from the agnathan fishes to mammals. Begin your discussion by presenting a synthesis of the basic functional anatomy of the vertebrate skeletal or muscular system. Then select a section (Example: Axial Skeleton) of the vertebrate skeletal or muscular system and discuss how this basic structure had changed during the evolution of vertebrates from agnathans to mammals. For example, what are the major changes in the skeletal system, as vertebrates diverged or evolved from agnathan fishes to mammals, i.e., from Agnatha to Chondrichthyes, to Osteichthyes, to Amphibia, to Reptilia, to Aves, and finally to Mammalia. Give some biological or ecological reasons why these transformations may have occurred during the evolution of vertebrates. (70 Points) Notes For question one : skeletal muscles and skeletal elements so explain that and and the way they explain that is pick a couple couple structure you know the you know the skeletal muscles that enable the frog to leap to jump or the the skeletal the skeletal muscular coupling that enabled the the cat too you know flex it’s it’s 4 limbed and reach out to you or maybe even you know groom itself and things like that and so demonstrate that coupling and you can you can use your more than welcome to use illustrations /// forearm of a person in there in lifting a weight pale I think with something in it and that’ll be cool you know how can you lift and lower you know your glass of water or glass of milk so use this to help you understand the the Catholic the working together of skeletal muscles and skeletal. For question two: we already addressed that discuss how the skeletal system is used to establish the monophylla so here’s the new word that is in your slides and and in elaborated in the book monophylla so is another term that evolutionary biologists define a group of organisms here are vertebrates that exhibits homology OK so we we call a group of organisms monophyletic when it includes very similar to monopoly is actually derived from homology very similar concept but it’s just that you know a monophyletic group so mono means it’s it’s there is one family tree that clearly defines the origin the root of the tree and all of its branches all of its branches are identified so a very good example here is tetrapods is a monophyletic group because then you explain why you can use the limbs you can use other characteristics that are available out there again you cannot make this up because you have to explain and draw the family tree and use the trade that inspires you I used the tetrapod limb but there are other trades For question three: discuss the major transformations in either skeletal or muscular systems why am I confident in making you choose either one of them well we know that either one of them is going to need the other one and so if you can explain these transformations even just using the skeletal systems knowing what skeletal muscles are associated with those probably similar in its evolutionary trend in that case and So what you wanna do with this one and again you can pick any skeletal element you can use the cranium you can use the the vertebrae you can use the four lamp you can use the hindlimb or you can even pick any of those you know the girdles for example and then what is so cool about this is you got trace the transformation of that particular trait throughout the versity of vertebrates so for example the cranium in you know the skull right that’s a skeletal element right how did the skull evolve or how did this stop become modified from these are the the jawless vertebrates right tank fish and lamp right 2 fishes I use kondrich face in here sharks two Othyus sharks are cartilaginous fishes or stick thesar Bony fishes the perch is an example

  Excellent Good Fair Poor
Main Posting 45 (45%) – 50 (50%)

Answers all parts of the discussion question(s) expectations with reflective critical analysis and synthesis of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources.

 

Supported by at least three current, credible sources.

 

Written clearly and concisely with no grammatical or spelling errors and fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style.

40 (40%) – 44 (44%)

Responds to the discussion question(s) and is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.

 

At least 75% of post has exceptional depth and breadth.

 

Supported by at least three credible sources.

 

Written clearly and concisely with one or no grammatical or spelling errors and fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style.

35 (35%) – 39 (39%)

Responds to some of the discussion question(s).

 

One or two criteria are not addressed or are superficially addressed.

 

Is somewhat lacking reflection and critical analysis and synthesis.

 

Somewhat represents knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.

 

Post is cited with two credible sources.

 

Written somewhat concisely; may contain more than two spelling or grammatical errors.

 

Contains some APA formatting errors.

0 (0%) – 34 (34%)

Does not respond to the discussion question(s) adequately.

 

Lacks depth or superficially addresses criteria.

 

Lacks reflection and critical analysis and synthesis.

 

Does not represent knowledge gained from the course readings for the module.

 

Contains only one or no credible sources.

 

Not written clearly or concisely.

 

Contains more than two spelling or grammatical errors.

 

Does not adhere to current APA manual writing rules and style.

Main Post: Timeliness 10 (10%) – 10 (10%)

Posts main post by day 3.

0 (0%) – 0 (0%) 0 (0%) – 0 (0%) 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not post by day 3.

First Response 17 (17%) – 18 (18%)

Response exhibits synthesis, critical thinking, and application to practice settings.

 

Responds fully to questions posed by faculty.

 

Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by at least two scholarly sources.

 

Demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives.

 

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.

 

Responses to faculty questions are fully answered, if posed.

 

Response is effectively written in standard, edited English.

15 (15%) – 16 (16%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings.

 

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.

 

Responses to faculty questions are answered, if posed.

 

Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources.

 

Response is effectively written in standard, edited English.

13 (13%) – 14 (14%)

Response is on topic and may have some depth.

 

Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication.

 

Responses to faculty questions are somewhat answered, if posed.

 

Response may lack clear, concise opinions and ideas, and a few or no credible sources are cited.

0 (0%) – 12 (12%)

Response may not be on topic and lacks depth.

 

Responses posted in the discussion lack effective professional communication.

 

Responses to faculty questions are missing.

 

No credible sources are cited.

Second Response 16 (16%) – 17 (17%)

Response exhibits synthesis, critical thinking, and application to practice settings.

 

Responds fully to questions posed by faculty.

 

Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by at least two scholarly sources.

 

Demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives.

 

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.

 

Responses to faculty questions are fully answered, if posed.

 

Response is effectively written in standard, edited English.

14 (14%) – 15 (15%)

Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings.

 

Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues.

 

Responses to faculty questions are answered, if posed.

 

Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources.

 

Response is effectively written in standard, edited English.

12 (12%) – 13 (13%)

Response is on topic and may have some depth.

 

Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication.

 

Responses to faculty questions are somewhat answered, if posed.

 

Response may lack clear, concise opinions and ideas, and a few or no credible sources are cited.

0 (0%) – 11 (11%)

Response may not be on topic and lacks depth.

 

Responses posted in the discussion lack effective professional communication.

 

Responses to faculty questions are missing.

 

No credible sources are cited.

Participation 5 (5%) – 5 (5%)

Meets requirements for participation by posting on three different days.

0 (0%) – 0 (0%) 0 (0%) – 0 (0%) 0 (0%) – 0 (0%)

Does not meet requirements for participation by posting on 3 different days.

Total Points: 100